Foreign Policy (National Interests)

In early 1928 the Dow Jones Average went from a low of 191 early in the year, to a high of 300 in December of 1928 and peaked at 381 in September of 1929. (1929Ð'...) It was anticipated that the increases in earnings and dividends would continue. (1929Ð'...) The price

ex. Washington Farewell address

- optimistic belief in progress

- scientific principles, efficiency

The Ottoman Empire was an imperial state that lasted from 1299 to 1922. In 1453, besieged the capital of the , resulting in the after 1,500 years of Roman rule. Thereafter, making it the capital of the Empire. During the 16th and 17th centuries, in particular at the height of its power under the reign of , the Ottoman Empire was a powerful multinational, multilingual empire, which invaded and colonized much of , , the , , and the . Its repeated invasions, and brutal treatment of Slavs led to the great to escape prosecution. At the beginning of the 17th century the empire contained and numerous . Some of these were later absorbed into the empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries.

- government power to improve society

The spoils for winning the in 1894 included . As a result of winning the in 1905, Japan took part of from Russia. was annexed in 1910. During , Japan took German-leased territories in China's Shandong Province, as well as the , , and , and kept the islands as League of nations mandates. American pressure forced it to return the Shandong area. In 1931 Japan took from China. During the in 1937, Japan's military invaded central China and by the end of the , Japan had conquered much of the Far East, including , , , , the , , part of and some islands of the . The goal was to create an anti-European "." It lost all its colonies in 1945.

Deity: Christian missionaries--China, Hawaii, Phillipines

Imperialism (the practice of maintaining colonies) and imperial rivalry (competition for new or existing colonies) were significant causes of World War I.

Generally, those who use the term cultural imperialism use it as insult against the larger nation. The claim is that cultural imperialism, sometimes also referred to globalization, is detrimental to smaller cultures around the world, including the destruction of the indigenous cultures, languages, foods and art forms. This paper will examine the claim that this is a detrimental effect and determine if globalization is a negative force on the world or an acceptable part of an internationally aware world.


Michela Giorcelli received the Alexander Gerschenkron Prize for the Best Dissertation in non-US or Canadian Economic History, for her dissertation “Economic Recovery and the Determinants of Production and Innovation: Evidence from Post-WWII Italy”, completed at Stanford University. Advisors: Ran Abramitzky (chair), Nick Bloom, Pascaline Dupas, and Melanie Morten
Dollars: Stanford Dole, sugar planters

Reform Movements (Industrialization)

: This version is made from OCR. That is a fancy way of saying that we scanned in and coded over six hundred fifty pages. There will be a few small occasional errors: spelling mistakes, odd punctuation, and the like. If you see any, please contact us. We have posted it in spite of these mistakes for two simple reasons. First, the book is worth a mistake or two because it really deserves the widest audience possible. Second, we are sure that once you new people begin reading it, you'll go out and get a physical copy. You should go and get it (and ones for your friends and family). At this point, A People's History Of The United States is available in regular form, read aloud on audio, on posters, in a teaching edition, and as just the twentieth century chapters (we have all but the posters). And now here. Please Enjoy!

Dollars: sugar, railroads, construction

Powerpoint Presentation: Powerpoint Presentation:

The intimidating effects of the Phoenix interrogation program were compounded by the mass arrest of political prisoners, of which there were at least 100,000 at the peak of the fighting. Under the army’s small wars doctrine, effective prison management was seen as crucial to counter-insurgency as it provided a symbol of government authority and means of winning political converts through reeducation. The State Department consequently spent $6.5 million between 1967 and 1972 for the maintenance and renovation of the forty-two major prisons run by the government of South Vietnam, and built three additional facilities and a juvenile reformatory. The U.S. provided generators and handcuffs, built special isolation cells for hard-core “Vietcong,” and oversaw the construction of over thirty state-of-the-art detention centers (Provincial Interrogation Centers). Many of the supplies, however, were resold on the black-market by local authorities, usually cronies of Vietnamese Generals Ky or Thieu, or kept until wardens paid a bribe.

- led to gangsters, speakeasies (secret drinking places), prostitution, gambling, organized crime

4. international debt after First World War

This essay discusses By emphasising on the importance of understanding these anti-imperialist and how the tangible relation of anti-imperialism and