He History Of Capital Punishment Essay
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A Brief History of Capital Punishment - USA, Part I
11/25/2011 · A Brief History of Capital Punishment ..
The second historical purpose has been discredited by time: the death penalty was a powerful tool of white supremacy. The antebellum South was haunted by the possibility of slave uprisings; capital punishment was used to tamp down resistance. You can see it in the early Virginia law that made it a capital offense for slaves to administer medicine—it might be poison! Or the early Georgia statute that invoked the death penalty if a slave struck his master hard enough to leave a bruise.
American History Essays: Capital Punishment ..
But after four decades of tinkering, capital punishment is still a matter of occasional lightning bolts. And judges are taking notice. Last July, a federal judge in Southern California—a Republican appointee named Cormac J. Carney— an explosive ruling that the death penalty in America’s largest state has become unconstitutionally random. History is on his side.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN AMERICA The history of the death penalty is long and variedAbolitionists gathered support for their claims from writings by European philosophers such as , (who became convinced the death penalty was cruel and unnecessary) and . In addition to various philosophers, many members of , and other opposed the death penalty as well. Perhaps the most influential essay for the anti-death penalty movement was 's 1767 essay, . Beccaria’s strongly opposed the state’s right to take lives and criticized the death penalty as having very little deterrent effect. After the , influential and well-known Americans, such as , , and made efforts to reform or abolish the death penalty in the United States. All three joined the , which opposed capital punishment. Following colonial times, the anti-death penalty movement has risen and fallen throughout history. In , Herbert H. Haines describes the presence of the anti-death penalty movement as existing in four different eras.