Thucydides wrote about the civil war between Athens and Sparta
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were sometimes criticized in antiquity, but modern historians and philosophers take a more positive view of Herodotus's methodology, especially those searching for a paradigm of objective historical writing. A few modern scholars have argued that Herodotus exaggerated the extent of his travels and invented his sources, yet his reputation continues largely intact. Herodotus is variously considered "father of comparative anthropology", "the father of ethnography", and "more modern than any other ancient historian in his approach to the ideal of total history".
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Some "calumnious fictions" were written about Herodotus in a work titled by , a by birth, (or it might have been a , in this case "a great collector of slanders"), including the allegation that the historian was prejudiced against Thebes because the authorities there had denied him permission to set up a school. Similarly, in a , (or yet another pseudonymous author) accused the historian of prejudice against , sourcing it in personal bitterness over financial disappointments – an account also given by in his . In fact, Herodotus was in the habit of seeking out information from empowered sources within communities, such as aristocrats and priests, and this also occurred at an international level, with becoming his principal source of information about events in Greece. As a result, his reports about Greek events are often coloured by Athenian bias against rival states – and Corinth in particular.
Place in history. Herodotus announced the size and scope of his work at the beginning of his Researches or Histories: Here are presented the results of the enquiry. SparkNotes: Philosophy of History: Section 1 depends fundamentally on the historian's own witnessing of the times. Hegel cites Thucydides and Herodotus as examples. The Top 50 greatest nonfiction books of all time determined by 107 lists and articles from various critics, authors and experts.