Essays in the History of Canadian Law: In Honour of …
Society’s series ofEssays in the History of Canadian Law.
When the British in 1783, they took many Loyalist refugees to Nova Scotia, while other Loyalists went to southwestern Quebec. So many Loyalists arrived on the shores of the that a separate colony——was created in 1784; followed in 1791 by the division of into the largely French-speaking () along the St. Lawrence River and Gaspé Peninsula and an anglophone Loyalist , with its capital settled by 1796 in , in present-day . After 1790 most of the new settlers were American farmers searching for new lands; although generally favorable to republicanism, they were relatively non-political and stayed neutral in the . In 1785 became the first incorporated city in what would later become Canada.
Essays in the History of Canadian Law: Nova Scotia [Philip Girard, J
French interest in the began with , who in 1524 sponsored to navigate the region between Florida and Newfoundland in hopes of finding a route to the Pacific Ocean. Although the English had laid claims to it 1497 when John Cabot made landfall somewhere on the North American coast (likely either modern-day Newfoundland or Nova Scotia) and had claimed the land for England on behalf of King Henry VII, these claims were not exercised and England did not make any attempts at permanent colonization. For the French however, planted a cross in the in 1534 and claimed the land in the name of Francis I establishing a region called the following summer. Permanent settlement attempts by Cartier at in 1541, at in 1598 by Marquis de La Roche-Mesgouez, and at in 1600 by had all eventually failed. Despite these initial failures, French fishing fleets sailed the Atlantic coast and into the , trading and making alliances with First Nations, as well as establishing fishing settlements such as in in 1603. As a result of France's claim and activities in the colony of Canada, the name "Canada" was present on international maps denoting this colony within the St-Lawrence river region.